Register of directors
Section 162 of the CA 2006 states that every company must keep a register of its directors and their residential addresses (section 165).
Section 163 requires a company’s register of directors to contain the following particulars in the case of an individual:
- name and any former names
- a service address
- country or state of residence
- business occupation
- date of birth.
Where a director is a body corporate or a firm that is a legal person, section 164 requires a company’s register of directors to contain:
- the corporate or firm name
- its registered or principal office
- the legal form of the company or firm and the law by which it is governed.
Register of secretaries
Section 275 of the CA 2006 requires a company to also keep a register of its secretaries. The register must be available for inspection and the company must notify the registrar of the place where the register is kept.
Records of resolutions and meetings
Section 355 of the CA 2006 states that every company must keep records comprising:
- copies of all resolutions of members passed otherwise than at general meetings; and
- minutes of all proceedings of general meetings.
The records must be kept for a period of ten years.
Registration of allotment
Section 554 of the CA 2006 states that a company must register an allotment of shares as soon as practicable, and in any event, within two months after the date of the allotment.
Register of debenture holders
Section 743 of the CA 2006 states that any register of debenture holders that a company keeps should be available for inspection at a place notified to the registrar by the company.
Registration of a transfer
Section 770 of the CA 2006 refers to the transfer of shares. It provides that a company may not register a transfer of shares or debentures of the company unless a proper instrument of transfer has been delivered to it, or the transfer is an exempt transfer within the Stock Transfer Act 1982.
Register of interests
Section 808 of the CA 2006 refers to a company’s register of interests. A company is required to keep a register of information received by it about interests in its shares. A company which receives any such information must, within three days of receipt, enter it in its register against the name of the present holder of the shares in question or, if there is no present holder, against the name of the person holding the interest.
Register of charges
Section 876 of the CA 2006 requires every company to keep a register of charges available for inspection.
Section 877 requires charge documentation and the register of charges to be available for inspection at the place notified to the registrar.
Register of people with significant control
Part 21A and Schedules 1A and 1B to the CA 2006 require every UK company (including dormant companies)and limited liability partnership (LLP) to create and maintain a register of people with significant control (a PSC register). The legislation requires particulars of individuals who hold significant control over a company (PSCs) as well as relevant legal entities (RLEs) that would hold significant control if they were individuals.
PSC’s are defined as persons/legal entities who fall into at least one of the categories below:
- holds, directly or indirectly, more than 25% of the shares of the company;
- holds, directly or indirectly, more than 25% of the voting rights of the company/LLP;
- holds the right, directly or indirectly, to appoint or remove a majority of the board of directors of the company;
- has the right to exercise, or actually exercises, significant influence or control over the company/LLP; or
- has the right to exercise, or actually exercises, significant influence or control over any trust or firm (not a legal entity) that has significant control (under one of the other four categories) over the company/LLP.
Various information in respect of each PSC should be contained within the register, including: the PSC’s name, service address, nationality and date of birth (if an individual), date upon which they obtained control and the nature of their control.
Register of people with significant control – residential addresses
As with director’s residential addresses a separate register of the PSC’s residential address will be required to be maintained at the registered address if a separate service address has been given.
Sections 1134-1138 of the CA 2006 set out further requirements in respect of company records.
For example, section 1135 states that company records may be kept in hard copy or electronic form and can be arranged in such manner as the directors see fit. However, if the records are kept electronically, they must be able to produce a hard copy version.
Failure to comply with any of these provisions amount to an offence committed by the company and every officer who is in default. A person who is found guilty is liable to a fine on summary conviction.